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1. One of the principles of Pilates are:
2. Which of the following is not part of the spine?
3. Which of the following is not part of the pelvis?
4. The definition of neutral pelvis is the position in which the anterior superior iliac spines (ASIS) and the pubic symphysis (PS) are in the same horizontal plane and the ASIS are in the same transverse plane.
5. If the PS is higher than the ASIS (lying on your back) the pelvis is in a POSTERIOR tilt, if the ASIS are higher than the PS, the pelvis is in an ANTERIOR tilt.
6. Circumduction is moving a limb away from the midline of the body or spreading fingers or toes.
7. The adjective “Proximal” depicts the following location or parts of the body.
8. One of the rotator cuff muscles are
9. Adding props or modifying exercises is necessary to avoid negative movement patterns, compensations, and contraindications and to achieve the desired objectives.
10. Which of the following tools is used when doing or teaching Pilates?
11. In a typical Pilates session the teacher provides stretching exercises at some time during the class.
12. One of the actions of the Serratus Anterior muscle is to stabilize the scapulae on the rib cage.
13. When lying prone position the body is on the back.
14. The anconeus muscle is located behind the knee.
15. The biceps femoris muscle is responsible for extension of the knee
16. Name the number of common faulty posture patterns of the spine:
17. The inclusion of inversion exercises in a pre-natal program from the 2nd semester onwards is important.
18. The spine can perform movements like flexion, extension, lateral flexion, and rotation.
19. What is the Latin-derived medical term used to described Knock knees.
20. What is the longest muscle of the body.
21. The actions of the Sartorius muscle are flexion, lateral rotation and abduction of the femur.
21. Name the hip-flexor muscle that crosses over two joints.
22. Which hip abductor muscles have a secondary job of hip flexion.
23. Name one of muscles that make up the calf.
24. What muscle works with the peroneus longus forming a sling for the foot.
25. Forward flexion (chest lift) happens in which anatomical plane of motion
26. One of the movements to avoid when someone has a spinal disc problem is vertical loading activities.
27. The definition of abduction is to move AWAY from the body.
28. The definition of adduction is to move TOWARD the body.
29. Lying supine means to lie face up.
30. Having a lateral “s-curve” in the spine is an example of which of the following.
31. Is Osteoporosis a skeletal or a muscle disorder
32. The term Ipsilateral means to lift the opposite arm and leg.
33. Complete the missing word(s)…
“The back portions of the vertebra in the spine are connected by paired joints called , which allows for small gliding movements”.
34. The anatomical name for toes and fingers are phalanges.
35. During an eccentric contraction the muscle lengthens.
36. The 2 primary ankle/foot dorsi flexor muscles are: